Turning Stitch 1+4+tr

See also page Russian Stitch 1+4+1 (link).

Turning Stitch 1+4+tr F1
front side 
Turning Stitch 1+4+tr
reverse side 

This kind of stitch was described in the material of the National Nalbinding Survey (Finland, 1957),
BUT there was not a sample included, so it is unfortunately impossible to know which way to turn the needle. That means, this stitch is either one of the Russian Stitches 1+4+1, or a Turning Stitch 1+4+ tr (tr = turn needle tip to right) 

Two informants describe a stitch in which there are five loops on the needle, and the last of them is turned (from Ilomantsi "Savonian style", and from Sulkava "needling in Russian"). Both informants talk about one thumb loop.

The direction of the turning is not clear, but I assume it might be "Russian", because in the survey material there were samples or drawings of the actual Finnish Turning Stitch only from two municipalities (Parikkala, Rautjärvi). In some of the survey replies the names "Russian" and "Turning" were conflicting, and sometimes the person called her/his stitch "Turning" although the sample which she/he had sent was in "Russian". This happened especially when the Russian Stitch ended which one loop, e.g. 2+2+1 or 2+1+1.

Alternative interpretations for this stitch could be 1+2+1 F2, 1+2+tr F2, 1+3+1 F1, 1+3+tr F1
- if you think the possibility that 1 or 2 connection stitches had been counted into that "five loops" for some reason.