Latest Updates

9/2017 - Added new videos

8/2017 - Added new videos

7/2017 - Added new videos and photos of stitch samples.

10/2016 - Added three new nalbinding stithces (Tabs Turning Stitches and Other Nalbinding Stitches)

6/2016 - Added link to Hanna Martikainen's Master's Thesis (About Nalbinding / Magazines, Theses, and other)

Nalbinding

In this website you can find nalbinding videos, and instructions on how to make nalbinding mittens.

"In the past years nalbinding has become a 'fashionable' hobby"


- Toini-Inkeri Kaukonen,
57 years ago (1960)

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Nalbinding videos

Every nalbinder seems to have his/her own ways of working, and there is not only one 'right' way to do things, so also these videos are only guiding.

Please do notice that the movements are slow on purpose, and that due to some difficulties combining suitable light and the position of the video camera, and that I wanted to see my hands both irl and on the small video screen, I had to keep my arms and hands in a bit akward and clumsy position, so the movements may not look 'natural'.

Note, for example "Finnish Stitch 1+2" means when you are using thumb loops, that there is one loop around thumb, and two loops are picked up onto the needle. When you are not working withouth thumb loops (flat), that means that the needle goes "under one, over two", ie the needle goes under-over-over - direction of the needle changes - under-under-over-(over).

To search this page, use "Control + F".

Long videos (15 min.) about different nalbinding stitches, incl. round start 
How to start, how to make first loops, different ways to
How to join a chain of stitches to a circle
Second row (F1, F2, etc)
Round start, different ways to, also two-coloured
Square top, different ways to, also two-coloured
How to make spotted mittens, vertical stripes, Ring decorations
How to splice, How to join a new piece of yarn, different ways to
Increasing and Decreasing
Nalbinding to and fro (re a square pot holder)
Finger crocheting a long piece of yarn
Folding a long piece of yarn into several folds
How to tension stitches onto needle, smaller stitches, gauge, thin yarn
Different nalbinding stitches 

Nalbound mittens Step-by Step (long videos) 
Aili Kuronen nalbinding, Finnish Stitch, Russian Stitch

 

These longer videos include:
How to start (to make the first loops), joining a chain of stitches to a circle (joining a foundation row to a circle), second row (F1, F2, etc), how to tension stitches onto the needle (make stitches smaller, working with thin yarn), how to make a round start. Voiceover both in English and Finnish.

Finnish Stitch 1+1 (Oslo Stitch) (video) 13:53 min
Finnish Stitch 1+2 (Mammen Stitch) (video) 15:32 min
Finnish Stitch 1+3 (Brodén Stitch) (video) 14:29 min
Finnish Stitch 2+2 ("Finnish Stitch"), and Finnish Stitch 2+3 (video) 16:47 min
York Stitch (Coppergate Stitch; Jorvik Stitch) (video) 15:11 min
Coptic Stitch (Tarim Stitch) (video) 18:34 min

  


How to start nalbinding, how to make the first loops, different ways to


1 - "scarf fringe knot", Vajanto's way (video)
2 - yarn 3 x around thumb, needle from left and right (video)
3 - a way often shown in Finnish magazines and books (flat) (video)
4 - knot, yarn 1 x around thumb (video)
5 - knot, twist needle around the loop behind thumb (Savitaipale) (video)
6 - loop, yarn 3 x around thumb (video)
7 - yarn 3 x around fingers, an "8" onto needle (video) (video)
8 - wrap yarn as an "8" around thumb and forefinger (video)
9 - loop, split yarn with the needle (video)
10 - yarn 3 x around thumb, needle from left (Joutseno) (video)
  
   
How to join a chain of stitches (foundation row) to a circle
Finnish Stitch 1+1 (Oslo Stitch), short video (video)
Finnish Stitch 2+2, long video (video)

   

alku_spir_b_2-var_suom_11.jpg

Round start, two-coloured
video B

Second row (F1, F2, etc) 
How to connect new stitches to the previous row:
From Front to back (F1, F2), from Back (B1, B2) (video
From Front to back (F), from the Middle (M1, M2) (video)
To the reverse side (video

  
How to make a round start, top down 
The first stitches into the large starting loop can be made in the way you prefer, and when you have made enough of the stitches, and pulled the large starting loop tight, to a rosette, you can continue with whatever stitch you prefer (ie you don't have to use the stitches shown on the videos).

How to increase stitches when making a round start,
that's explained on "Video H" (video)

A - First stitches with Danish Stitch, then Finnish Stitch 2+2 (video)

C - create/cast on the stitches like when knitting, then Finnish Stith 1+1 (Oslo Stitch) (video)

D - Finnish Stitch 1+2 (Mammen Stitch) (video)

E - Crochet a circle, then Finnish Stitch 1+1 (Oslo Stitch) (video)

H - First stitches with York Stitch, then Finnish Stitch 2+2 (Aili Kuronen's way) (video)

B - Two-coloured, first with Danish Stitch, then Finnish Stitch 1+1 (Oslo Stitch) (video)

F - Two-coloured, Finnish Stitch 1+1 (Oslo Stitch), how to add second colour (video)

G - Two-colored, Finnish Stitch 2+2, how to add second colour (video)

   - Finnish Stitch 2+2, longer video (video)

   - Åsle Stitch (video)

kaannos_2-var.jpg

Square top, two-coloured
video C


Another way to make a round to mitten, is to make a short chain of stitches (2-3 cm), then pivot like when doing a square top mitten. In this case, though, the increases are done like when doing a round top mitten.

How to make a square top, top down  

A - How to pivot (turn at the corners) is shown with three different stitches:
Finnish Stitch 2+2, Russian Stitch 2+2+2, and
Finnish Stich 1+2 (Mammen Stitch) (video)

B - Crochet the first row (a foundation row), continue with nalbinding, Finnish Stitch 1+1 (Oslo Stitch) (video)
You can, of course use any stitch instead of the one shown on the video. 

D - Finnish Stitch 2+2, a longer video (video)

C - Two-coloured, Finnish Stitch 2+2 (video)
  

How to make spots, How to make vertical stripes

lapaset_pystyraita_rusk-must_005.jpg
Two-coloured mittens, with
vertical stripes (Aili's way)
Finnish Stitch 1+2 (Mammen Stitch)

Finnish Stitch 2+2, short (Aili Kuronen's way) (video)   
Finnish Stitch 2+2, longer (Aili Kuronen's way) (video)


The colour change technique shown by Aili Kuronen suits also for example Russian Stitch. The 'waiting' colour is picked up in a similar way as on the videos.

Note, that when using Russian Stitch, the shape of the spots will be different when you use thumb loops, compared to the shape when working without thumb loops (flat).

In addition, when working without thumb loops (flat), the shape of the spots will be different when you insert the needle through all the loops, and then pull the needle and yarn through, compared to the shape when you first insert the needle 'half-way' (under-over-under), pull the needle and yarn through, and then finish the stitch by inserting the needle over-under-over, and then again pull the needle and yarn through.

nk_valkopuna_renkaat-1.jpg
Ring shaped decorations
Russian Stitch 2+2+2
UUOOUU/OOUUOOO 
 


Ring shaped decorations (video)
Russian Stitch 2+2+2 (UUOOUU/OOUUOOO)
Two ways: with thumb loops, and flat 






How to splice, adding a new piece of yarn 
By plaiting/braiding (by Aili Kuronen) (video)
By ply-splitting (by Aili Kuronen) (video)
How to change the yarn (or colour) on the reverse (by Aili Kuronen) (video)
How to change the yarn (or colour) on the reverse, 2:30 min onwards (video)


How to increase, How to decrease (video)
Decreasing (video)
Increasing, a square top mitten, long video (video)
Increasing, a round top mitten, long video (video)


How to work to and fro (re like a square pot holder)
Finnish Stitch 1+1 (Oslo Stitch) (video)
Depending on the stitch, make 1-3 additional stitches at the end of each row before turning the work. You can either make the additional stitches into the last loop of the previous row, or make 'air stitches', ie don't connect them to the previous row (just like when doing the very first row of stitches).

To make loopy fringes for a scarf, you can make at the end of each row a longer chain of stitches ('air stitches') before turning the work.



How to finger crochet a long piece of yarn
(Haahlaaminen) (video



How to fold a long piece of yarn into several folds
(video)

    

How to tension stitches onto needle, make smaller stitches, gauge 
(video)
When working with stitch types which don't involve several stitches, for instance Finnish Stitch 1+1 (Oslo Stitch), Finnish Stitch 1+2 (Mammen Stitch), and Russian Stitch 1+1+1 (Dalby Stitch), it may be necessary to pull the new stitches smaller, especially if the yarn is thin, in order to get the structure look like the way you want. Pulling the stitches smaller, or tensioning them onto the needle, gives you smaller gauge and denser structure.
 


Different nalbinding stitches
Outside Finland, many of the stitches are known by the name of the place of a historical find, or by the name of a village or area. Such names are included in the parenthesis.


FINNISH STITCH GROUP

Finnish Stitch 1+1 (Oslo Stitch; Lund; Södertjära; Simtuna) (video) (video) (video)
Finnish Stitch 1+1, plaited edge (Björsbo) (video)
Finnish Stitch 1+1, plaited edge, F1B1 (connection "behind X") (my experiment) (video)
Finnish Stitch 1+1,5 (1+1½) (Valö) (video

Finnish Stitch 1+2 (Mammen Stitch; Korgen Stitch; Börstil I; Uppsala) (video) (video; long)
Finnish Stitch 1+2 B2 (video
Finnish Stitch 1+2, plaited edge (Rindal) (video
Finnish Stitch 1+2 M1, Kaukolan Kekomäki (video)
Finnish Stitch 1+2 M2 from left to right (Müsen) (video
Finnish Stitch 1+2 M2 from right to left (my experiment) (video
Finnish Stitch 1+2 M1+F1 (Variant G) (video
Finnish Stitch 1+2,5 (1+2½) (Pyhäjoki; Morkarla) (video)
Finnish Stitch 1+2,5 (1+2½), plaited edge (Stutby) (video

Finnish Stitch 1+3 (Brodén Stitch; Norrtälje; Nysätra; Uppsala) (video) (video; long)
Finnish Stitch 1+3 M1 (Brottby Stitch; Brottbytekniken) (video
Finnish Stitch 1+3, plaited edge (Alsike) (video)
Finnish Stitch 1+3, variant (Rådmansö) (video)
NEW 8/2017  Finnish Stitch 1+3 F2 (from left to right) (video
Finnish Stitch 1+3,5 (1+3½) (Sorunda 2) (video)
Finnish Stitch 1+4 (Långaryd) (video
Finnish Stitch 1+5 (Bålsta) (video)

Finnish Stitch 2+1 (Fåberg) (video)
Finnish Stitch 2+1, plaited edge, F1 (Räisälä) (video
Finnish Stitch 2+2 (video)
Finnish Stitch 2+2 (Aili Kuronen's way) (Rautjärvi) (video)
Finnish Stitch 2+2, Aili's way shown by me, slower (video)
  - When working in Aili's way, the stitches can be pulled smaller. 
Finnish Stitch 2+2, plaited edge, F1 (video
Finnish Stitch 2+2, plaited edge, connection "under X" (Parikkala style) (video)
Finnish Stitch 2+2,5 (2+2½) (Kuolemajärvi) (video

Finnish Stitch 2+3 (video)
Finnish Stitch 2+3 "drop & pick" (Joutseno) (video)
Finnish Stitch 2+3 "drop & pick" (video)
Finnish Stitch 2+3 mirror image, plaited edge (Metsäpirtti 1) (video
NEW 7/2017   Finnish Stitch 2+3,5 (2+3½) (Kaustinen) (video
Finnish Stitch 2+4 (Östra Göinge) (video
Finnish Stitch 2+5 (Ruskeala) (video

Finnish Stitch 3+1
Finnish Stitch 3+1, variant (Nemi's Back Weave) 
Finnish Stitch 3+2 "drop & pick" (Salsta) (video)
Finnish Stitch 3+3 (video)
Finnish Stitch 3+3 "drop & pick" (Börstil III) (video)
Finnish Stitch 3+3 F3 (Säkkijärvi) (video

Finnish Stitch 4+1
Finnish Stitch 4+2 (Kannas) (video
Finnish Stitch 4+3
Finnish Stitch 4+4 (Sääminki; Karjala) (video

Finnish Stitch 5+2 (Pyhäjoki 2) (video


RUSSIAN STITCH GROUP

Same stitch, three ways to manipulate the loops 
Russian Stitch 1+1+1 (A) (Dalby Stitch) (video)
Russian Stitch 1+1+1 (B) (Dalby Stitch) (video)
Russian Stitch 1+1+1 (C) (Dalby Stitch) (video)

Russian Stitch 1+1+1, plaited edge (Telemark) (video)
Russian Stitch 1+1+2 (Oulu) (video
Russian Stitch 1+1+2, plaited edge, F1 (Vehmasjärvi) (video
Russian Stitch 1+1+3 (video
Russian Stitch 1+2+1 (Kitee) (video)
Russian Stitch 1+2+2, without thumb loop (flat) (Polvijärvi) (video
NEW 8/2017  Russian Stitch 1+4+1 (Sulkava) (video)

NEW 8/2017  Russian Stitch 2+1+1 (Sonkajärvi 2) (video)
NEW 8/2017  Russian Stitch 2+1+2 (Metsäpirtti 3) (video
Russian Stitch 2+2+1 (Sakkola) (video
Russian Stitch 2+2+1, F1B1 (Metsäpirtti 4) 
Russian Stitch 2+2+2 (see below)
Russian Stitch 2+2+2, plaited edge (Parikkala) (video)
Russian Stitch 2+2+3 (Salmi) (video
Russian Stitch 2+3+3 (Joutseno) (video
Russian Stitch 2+4+1 (Metsäpirtti 2A) (video

Russian Stitch 3+2+2 (video
Russian Stitch 3+2+2/2+2+2+2, variant (Sonkajärvi) (video
Russian Stitch 3+3+3 (Riistavesi) (video

Just for comparison - 7 ways to do the same stitch
Russian Stitch 2+2+2 (video)

Same stitch, four ways to manipulate the loops 
Russian Stitch 2+2+2 (A) (video)
Russian Stitch 2+2+2 (B) (video)
Russian Stitch 2+2+2, butterfly technique (Joutseno) (video)
Russian Stitch 2+2+2 (Aili Kuronen's way) (Rautjärvi) (video)

Russian Stitch variant, 2+2+1/3+3 B1 (Kizhi)


TURNING STITCH GROUP

Turning Stitch
(turn the last loop, needle tip to right -->)
NEW 8/2017  1+tr (video
NEW 8/2017  1+1+tr (video)
NEW 8/2017  1+2+tr (video)
NEW 8/2017  1+3+tr (video)

2+2+tr (video
2+2+tr, plaited edge, F2 (Parikkala style) (video
2+2+tr, plaited edge, F1 (Kaukonen's article) (video
2+2+tr, plaited edge, M1 (Variant L) (video
2+4+tr (Metsäpirtti 2B) (video


Turning Stitch, variant 2
(in the middle of the stitch, one loop "in Russian", needle tip to left <--)
1+tl+1 (Arboga) (video
NEW 9/2017  1+tl+2 (video
NEW 9/2017  1+tl+3 (Näshulta) (video

2+tl+2 (Joutseno) (
video
2+tl+2 F2 (Antti Veikko Kekki) (video)
NEW 9/2017  2+tl+3 (Karbenning) (video


Turning Stitch, variant 2b
(in the middle of the stitch, turn one loop, needle tip to right -->)

NEW 8/2017  1+tr+1 (video)
NEW 8/2017  1+tr+2 (video)
NEW 8/2017  1+tr+3 (video)

2+tr+2 (Joutseno) (video


Turning Stitch, variant 3
(the first stitch "in Russian", needle tip to left <--)
NEW 9/2017  1tl+1, "first of two loops is turned" (video


OTHER NALBINDING STITCHES

Coptic Stitch (Tarim Stitch) (video
NEW 7/2017   Cross-Dalby (Petra Ommen) (video)
Dalarna Stitch (video
Danish Stitch (Börstil II) (video
Double Danish (video
A nameless stitch ('triple Danish') (video
NEW 7/2017   Double Curl (Petra Ommen) (video)
Helle Stitch
Omani Stitch (video
Saltdal Stitch (video)
NEW 9/2017  Vad (video
Variant 5 (video
Variant 7 (video
Variant 9 (video
NEW 9/2017  Varsta (video
Vendel Stitch (Fullbrotekniken) (video
York Stitch (Coppergate Stitch, Jorvik Stitch) (video)
Åland (video
Åsle Stitch (Åsle stygn) (video
Åsle Stitch variant, a thicker one (video
Åsle Stitch, round start, increasing, decreasing (video)
NEW 7/2017   Åsle variant F2 (video)
NEW 7/2017   Åsle Weaver M1 (video)

      

Nalbinding mittens Step-by-Step 
- longer videos, voiceover both in English and Finnish 

1 (video) - How to make mittens cuff up, Part 1/2. First loops, joining a chain of stitches (foundation row) to a circle. 

2 (video) - How to make mittens cuff up, Part 2/2. How to connect the new stitches to the previous row (F1, F2, etc), different ways. Making thumb opening. Decreasing at the mitten top, round and square tops (when you are making mittens cuff up).

3 (video) - How to make thumb. Beginning, corners, finishing.

4 (video) - The placement of the thumb in a square top mitten.
Note, if your mitten has quite a few more loops on the bottom half (thumb-wrist) than in the upper half (thumb-top), the twisting shown on the video won't happen. On the other hand, if you wish your mitten width to be equal, have a look at the twisting shown on the video.

5 (video) - Increasing and Decreasing. 

6 (video) - How to make mittens top down. Square top. Pivoting, increasing.

7 (video) - How to finish off the edge. In addition, if your mittens were made cuff up, how to undo the point where the mittes were started, and then finish off. The unwanted gaps at the root of the thumb.
Note, some of the 'darning' stitches can be done on the reverse side, so that the gaps will get closed, but the additional darning stitches won't be too visible on the right side.

8 (video) - How to make mittes top down. Round start. Increasing. 

9 (video) - How to adjust gauge, size of stitches.
Sometimes it may be necessary to adjust your gauge to fit the yarn and the stitch type, in order to get the finished item look like the way you want it.

10 (video) - Different ways to handle the thumb loops. 


    
Aili Kuronen Nalbinding - autumn/fall 2010

Finnish Stitch 2+2, Part 1/3 (link) - first row
Finnish Stitch 2+2, Part 2/3 (link) - pivot
Finnish Stitch 2+2, Part 3/3 (link) - Aili's way of working

Russian Stitch 2+2+2, Part 1/4 (link) - first loops
Russian Stitch 2+2+2, Part 2/4 (link) - first row
Russian Stitch 2+2+2, Part 3/4 (link) - pivit
Russian Stitch 2+2+2, Part 4/4 (link) - Aili's way of working

Spotted mittens, Finnish Stitch 2+2, Part 1/2, short video, change of colour (link)
Spotted mittens, Finnish Stitch 2+2, Part 2/2, longer video (link)
Note, you can use the same technique of making spots also for making vertical stripes.

Splicing by plaiting/braiding (link)
Splicing by ply-splitting (link)